Udhagamandalam and abbreviated as Udhagai and Ooty (About this sound listen (help·info); உதகை ) is a town and municipality in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is located 80 km north of Coimbatore and is the capital of the Nilgiris district. It is a popular hill station located in the Nilgiri Hills.
Originally occupied by the Toda, the area came under the rule of the East India Company at the end of the 18th century. The economy is based on tourism and agriculture, along with the manufacture of medicines and photographic film. The town is connected by the Nilgiri ghat roads and Nilgiri Mountain Railway. Its natural beauty attracts tourists and it is a popular summer destination. As of 2011, the town had a population of 88,430.s
The origin of the name Udhagamandalam is obscure. The first known written mention of the place is given as Wotokymund in a letter of March 1821 to the Madras Gazette from an unknown correspondent. In early times it was called OttakalMandu. "Mund" is the Anglicised form of the Toda word for a village 'Mandu'. The first part of the name is probably a corruption of the local name for the central region of the Nilgiri Plateau.
The stem of the name (Ootaca) comes from the local language in which Otha-Cal literally means Single Stone. This is perhaps a reference to a sacred stone revered by the local Toda people. The name probably changed under British rule from Udhagamandalam to Ootacamund, and later was shortened to Ooty.
Ooty, the queen of hill stations and the capital of Nilgiris district, is one of the most popular tourist destination, especially as a honeymoon destination.
It is situated at an altitude of 2, 240 mt above sea level and is thus a delightful honeymoon spot. One can notice a marvelous change in vegetation, as one goes from Kallar to Coonoor. The establishment of numerous tea estates made Ooty famous. Lofty mountains, dense forest, sprawling grasslands and miles and miles of tea gardens greet the passengers on most routes.
Following are the Places to visit Ooty :
» Nilgiri Mountain Railway
» Botanical Gardens
» Pykara Lake
» Doddabetta Peak
» DUpper Bhavani Lake
» St. Stephen's Church
» Ketti Valley View
» Western Catchment
» Annamalai Murugan Temple
» Holy Trinity Church Etc.